Test 4: Water Safety at Sea and Inland Waters

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1 : Which sentence is correct in terms of water safety? *
When someone is drowning, attempt a swimming rescue even if you are not a lifesaver.
If you are immersed in cold water, rub your body to feel warmer.
Avoid swimming in unknown waters because they hide dangers.
Diving head first is allowed in water 1.4m deep.

2 : Name a few dangers that may place a swimmer’s safety at risk in the water. *
Tides and sea currents.
Alcohol consumption.
Marine life such as jellyfish and dangerous fish.
All the above.

3 : What can you do to protect yourself from the damaging effects of sun? *
Swim during the midday (between 11am-3pm).
Tan as fast as possible because this will protect you the rest days from sunburn.
Use a sunscreen, wear sunglasses, and cover up with long sleeve shirts and hats.
All the above.

4 : Name what you should do while at the beach. *
Bring your animal in organized an aquatic facility.
Fight on the beach.
Play volleyball, football or tennis near people that sunbathe.
None of the above.

5 : How you can best park your car on a street near the water? *
Parallel to the water’s edge on jetties, cliffs tops or docks.
With the hand break off.
On first gear if facing downhill.
All the above.

6 : What is the name of the position that you can take, to treat a cramp in the water? *
Drown-proofing.
Star position.
Mushroom position.
H.E.L.P. position.

7 : Name some personality factors that may place in danger a swimmer. *
Overestimation of one’s personal limits and risk taking behavior.
Rough weather conditions.
Swimming in unguarded beaches.
Use of poorly maintained equipment while engaged in an aquatic activity.

8 : Name the worst possible outcomes of swimming in cold water. *
Fever.
Cough.
Shivering.
Death due to hypothermia or drowning.

9 : Which of the following guarantee the safety or a swimmer? *
Diving head first anywhere if you are a good diver.
Children can be left unattended if they have taken swimming classes.
Attempt to rescue a person in distress at any cost because a human life is priceless.
None of the above.

10 : Name a survival position for a single person who tries to remain afloat in cold water. *
H.E.L.P. position.
Huddle position.
Star position.
Mushroom position.

11 : Name some environmental dangers that may harm a swimmer. *
All the below.
Overcrowded aquatic facilities, remote aquatic locations.
Industrial discharges.
Cold water, bad weather conditions like waves and tide.

12 : Which of the following sentences is correct? *
People are engaged in aquatics in a river because they always know the environment.
A river may hide dangers that could lead to drowning or spinal injury.
An aquatic activity in a river is always safer than at sea.
All the above.

13 : Who can inform you about the dangers of a river or lake? *
The fishermen, the locals and the shopkeepers of the area.
The weather forecast.
The police and the fire brigade.
All the above.

14 : Which of the following may lead to an aquatic fatality if circumstances worsen? *
Swimming or diving head first.
Canoeing without wearing a lifejacket.
Swimming alone.
All the above.

15 : Name the most emergencies that are most likely to happen in inland water. *
Drowning and spinal injury.
Heatstroke.
Loss of orientation.
All the above.

16 : Which best describes the consequences on a person who submerged in cold water? *
Extreme hypothermia.
Rapid breathing.
Cold shock response, cold incapacitation, hypothermia, circum-rescue collapse.
Inability to swim.


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