Test 1: Drowning: Prevention, Rescue, Treatment
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1 : Drowning is…
… the involuntary inhalation of a large amount of water into the stomach.
… the obstruction of the airways.
… The voluntary closing of the higher parts of larynx when we are in the water.
… the respiratory impairment due to immersion or submersion in a liquid.
2 : How many people die by drowning each year around the world?
One person every day.
One person every hour.
About 1 million people, i.e. one person every half minute.
Thousands of people.
3 : How many people drown annually within the United States of America?
One person per day.
Εxactly one person every second day.
4 : What are the negative consequences of a drowning?
Mental and physical disability, death, divorce, financial costs, social problems.
Τhe victim’s survival.
None of the above.
5 : How long after a heavy meal is swimming allowed?
Right after the meal
After 30 minutes
After 2 hours
After 3 hours
6 : Which is the right sequence of applying a rescue technique, from the most to the least safe?
Shout, reach, wade, row, throw, swim.
Shout, reach, throw, wade, row, swim-with-aid, swim.
Reach, throw, wade, swim.
Throw, wade, swim-with-aid, swim.
7 : What is the drowning rate between males: female?
8 : Which of the following rescue methods are the safest?
The use of boat or rescue tube.
The body contact tow rescue by a trained lifesavers.
Shout, reach rescue, throw rescue, wade rescue.
All the methods are safe if the water is calm, and the distance from safety short
9 : What could a bystander do to save someone in danger?
To save someone entering into the water even if not trained to do so.
To notify the lifeguard.
To notify a lifeguard or to apply safe rescue methods.
None of the above to avoid the danger of the drowning episode.
10 : Which of the following is considered as a safe behavior around the water?
Swimming parallel to the coastline.
Swimming 30 minutes after a meal, to enable the completion of the digestion.
Swimming with fins, in deep water during the night.
The supervision of a baby, at the bathtub, by an little older sibling.
11 : What are the symptoms of the Instinctive Drowning Response?
The victim floats about 2-3 minutes before submerges completely.
The victim shouts always for help.
Submersion within 20-60 seconds silently, while the limbs do not support buoyancy.
None of the above.
12 : What is the 'golden rule' of safety?
Swimming should always take place in pools and seas supervised by a lifeguard.
Always follow the safety rules.
The rescuer’s safety is the more important than the victim’s.
Drowning may take place to whomever, wherever, whenever and under whatever circumstances.
13 : Which of the following may lead to drowning?
All the below.
Swimming with stomach full of food.
The initiation of rescuing someone without knowing the lifesaving methods.
Swimming far from the coast when the water is too cold.
14 : Which of the following belongs to a high risk group for drowning?
Those that do not know swimming and prefer to sunbathe.
Children 0-5 years old and the elderly.
The good swimmers that swim parallel to the beach.
All the above.
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